Short-Term Rental Regulation
The District will be undertaking a review on its short-term rentals (i.e. “vacation rentals” or “tourist rentals”) policy. This project will propose a new regulatory framework for short term rentals in recognition that short term rentals are not currently permitted in the zoning bylaw but are currently operating within the community.
A community survey was undertaken in October 2021 and we thank all that participated! Curious about the results? The survey results are now compiled. Results to the survey question are available via the link below. There is also a link to the report to Council that provides further details and explanation.
Survey - Written Comments
Report to council - Public Participation Summary is available here.
Online Open House
An online open house was held via Zoom on Wednesday, October 20, 2021. A copy of the presentation slides, questions and answers, and a licensing fee comparison are linked below.
What are short-term rentals?
Short-term rentals are a type of temporary accommodation and are currently undefined by the District of Summerland. There is no set definition as to what a “short-term rental” is and there are varying definitions and terms throughout jurisdictions. Some also refer to short-term rentals (STRs) as vacation rentals, tourist accommodation, and seasonal use accommodation.
Other jurisdictions around the world, and throughout British Columbia, have responded to the advent of the “home-sharing” industry through online booking platforms such as Airbnb, VRBO, and HomeAway in a variety of ways.
The “home-sharing” industry offers a variety of accommodation options to potential users. This includes renting an entire home, part of a home (like a suite) or a room in a home. The type of homes being listed for short-term rentals are not limited to a single detached dwellings. It could also appear in the form of a duplex unit, secondary suite, carriage house, apartment unit, townhouse or alternative unit (i.e. glamping tent, treehouse).
Although there is a wide range of accommodation types, there are some commonalities between short-term rentals that help shape the definitions:
- Use of a residential unit (not a commercial unit like a hotel)
- Paying guest (a commercial venture)
- Guests staying on a temporary basis (commonly defined as less than a month (or 28 days) at a time)
- Catering to tourists (guests live elsewhere and are renting on a nightly or weekly basis, not as a residential tenure)
Short-term rentals are not currently defined in the District’s Zoning Bylaw but are generally defined as private, residential dwellings (or parts of dwellings) that are rented on a temporary basis (generally less than 28 days). Short-term rentals are generally marketed to tourists or visitors and charge a daily or weekly rate (this is different from a long-term rental where there is a residential tenure).
What is the current status of short-term rentals?
The District of Summerland Zoning Bylaw does not explicitly address “short-term rentals”. Although not explicit, the use of a “dwelling” for short-term rental is not a customary residential use, and “short-term rentals” are not a permitted use in any zone. Any type of residential housing (single detached, duplex, cluster, apartment, townhouse, etc.) rented to the travelling public is seen as a bylaw contravention (with the exception of a Bed & Breakfast Home).
The District will be undertaking community engagement over the upcoming months to obtain feedback on a draft framework.
How is a Bed & Breakfast different from a short-term rental?
A Bed & Breakfast home is a permitted secondary use in agricultural, rural residential, and urban residential in the Summerland Zoning Bylaw where rooms within a single detached home are rented out to guests. There are regulations that limit this use, including that the operator must be a live-in resident and no more than 4 bedrooms and 8 guests are allowed. This is considered a separate use than a short-term rental and no changes to the Bed & Breakfast policies are being proposed at this time.
Short-term rentals, in comparison, are often whole unit rentals (not individual bedrooms) and generally the operator is not within the unit or on the premises during the guest’s stay.
What is Being Proposed?
The DRAFT framework is a permissive approach and includes the following:
- Allowing short term rentals in all Urban Residential, Rural Residential, and Commercial zones that allow dwellings
- Allowing short term rentals in all types of dwellings (single family, multi-family, suites, etc.)
- Allowing year-round operations
- Limiting maximum occupancy to 6 people (without further public consultation)
- For properties with a single detached dwelling and a secondary suite/carriage house, limiting number of rentals to one per property
- Requiring a business license to operate a short term rental
- Requiring a Health & Safety Inspection to obtain a business license
- Requiring a Good Neighbour Agreement to obtain a business license
What will happen next?
We will compile the results of the survey and open house and present to District Council. If you missed the open house or survey, you are still welcome to submit written correspondence to Municipal Hall or via email to firstname.lastname@example.org. Written correspondence will be included as a public submission and shared with Council as part of their agenda package when this item is brought forward. There will also be an opportunity to attend a public heading on the proposed bylaw at a later date.
If you have any questions about the project, please contact JoAnn Peachey, Planner II, at 250-404-4097 or email@example.com.